As Dr. Szto is a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology, you can also access the Cardiosmart website to seek many informative articles on heart conditions, tests and procedures. Simply follow the links here to access them:

Heart Conditions

Heart Tests

Heart Treatments

This page contains information on heart disease, tests and procedures. Understand what is involved with various tests, as well as the procedures available to treat your condition. Click on the pictures below to learn more about the tests that we offer from our offices.

Medical Education

Free Cardiology Textbooks and Resources

Development of the Human Heart

University of Arizona Gross Physiology of the Cardiovascular System

University of Utah ECG Learning Center

ECG Library

Merck Manual: Cardiovascular Disorders

Medscape emedicine: Cardiology articles

The European Society of Cardiology Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine

Cardiovascular Medicine Curriculum in Interventional Cardiology

Information on The Heart, Diseases, Investigations and Treatment

Here is a collection of links about various heart conditions, investigations, procedures and treatments that will enhance your knowledge. Merck Manual:Cardiovascular Disorders (Summary page of contents below)

Symptoms of heart conditions

Chest pain


Black-out (Syncope)

Heart Conditions


Renovascular hypertension



Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Restrictive cardiomyopathy

Congestive heart failure

Coronary artery disease

Angina pectoris

Unstable angina/acute coronary syndrome (ACS)/Heart attack

Arrhythmia/Palpitations (heart rhythm disturbance)

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial flutter

Supraventricular tachycardias (SVT)

Atrial premature (ectopic) beats

Ventricular premature (ectopic) beats

Bundle branch and fascicular block (LAFB)

Sick sinus syndrome (sinus node dysfunction)

Risk factors for premature heart disease

Congenital heart disease

Valvular heart disease

Heart Investigations

Blood Pressure monitor

ECG Echocardiogram – trans-thoracic (TTE)

Echocardiogram – trans-oesophageal (TOE or TEE)

Stress echocardiogram

Holter monitor REVEAL monitor

Stress test – treadmill Stress test – nuclear

Coronary angiogram

Multislice cardiac CT (CT coronary angiogram)

Cardiac MRI Genetic tests of the more common heart abnrmalities (blood test)